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  • The factory shall segregate the waste streams as biodegradable, non-biodegradable, and inorganic streams etc., based on their characteristics and adopt appropriate methods of their treatment and disposal.
  • A state of the art effluent treatment systems shall be installed to treat the effluents to the standards stipulated. The treatment of effluents shall ensure that the effluents are free from toxic and hazardous effects.
  • Transportation of toxic effluent from one stage to another, only for the sake of disposal by dilution is prohibited.
  • The discharge of effluents into streams, rivers or surface water bodies is strictly prohibited.
  • The treated effluent conforming to stipulated standards shall be used on land for agriculture. The factory shall own/acquire sufficient area of land for this purpose. The application of effluent shall be controlled in such a manner as not to cause either flooding of land or underground water pollution.

    Before allowing the use of treated effluent for irrigation, the State Pollution Control Board shall ensure that the factory submits a report on geophysical characteristics and assimilation capacity of land and suitability of effluents for agriculture through recognised institutions. Adequate number of observation bores/test wells shall be provided by the factory in and around the effluent irrigated area to monitor ground water quality. The factory shall get the soil, leachate and ground water in the area analysed at regular intervals for parameters based on raw materials used and characteristics of effluent discharged to verify the fate and effect of any persistent chemical.
  • Boilers, Diesel Generating sets etc., shall be provided with chimneys of prescribed height.
  • The general exhaust from different sections shall be collected, and scrubbed to control emissions. The reactor emissions shall be scrubbed to control emission of different gases/vapours/fumes.
  • All solvent tanks located above ground level shall be blanketted with nitrogen, there by preventing any solvent evaporation and consequently minimising odorous emissions.
  • State of art incinerator shall be provided wherever feasible to incinerate all combustible effluents, solids, gases, toxic substances etc. The incinerator shall be fitted with a chimney of prescribed height and scrubbers to clean the flue gases.
  • The factory shall ensure that the noise levels are within the stipulated limits and the factory shall conduct periodic monitoring of noise levels at designated location at specified intervals.
  • Solid waste and sludge generated in the factory shall be collected, treated and disposed of in a scientific manner so as not to cause environmental pollution.
  • The factory shall install water meters to measures the water consumed for different purposes as per the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution)Cess Act, 1977, as amended, and pay water cess.
  • The factory shall submit an Environmental Statement Report for the financial year ending the 31st March in the prescribed form to the State Pollution Control Board on or before the 30 th September every year beginning 1993.
  • The factory shall also comply with the provisions of the:-

    i) Hazardous wastes (Management and Handling), Rules, 1989.

    ii) Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules, 1989.

    iii) Public liability insurance Act and Rules, 1991.

    as amended from time to time, if applicable.

  • All tanks used for the collection and treatment of effluents shall be made impervious by providing adequate cement concrete/stone masonry/stone slab lining with leak-proof joints at the bottom and sides. Observation bores with pipes shall be provided around such tanks and monitored for leakage.
  • The factory shall upgrade the pollution control systems as and when new technologies become available.
  • The factory shall ensure continuous and effective operation and maintenance of pollution control systems by employing qualified Environmental Engineers/Scientists.
  • The factory shall ensure continuous and uninterrupted power supply to see that the pollution control systems function un-interruptedly. Separate energy meters shall be provided for the pollution control systems.
  • A fully equipped laboratory shall be established by the factory with appropriate equipments to monitor the performance of pollution control systems and to test the effluents, emissions and soil for pollution related parameters.
  • The factory shall conduct continuous bio - monitoring and bio-assay tests regularly to ensure that the treated effluents are non-toxic.
  • Every new large and medium factory and those proposed to be expanded shall submit Environmental Impact Assessment Report and Environment Management Plan to the State Pollution Control Board and Ministry of Environment and Forest and obtain prior consent and Environment Clearance respectively.
  • For convenience the standards stipulated by the Karnataka State Pollution Control Board under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, for the effluent discharged is given in ANNEXURE.